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How white blood cells limit muscle regeneration
Researchers have identified a protein produced by white blood cells that puts the brakes on muscle repair after injury. By removing the protein CD163 from mice, scientists at Emory University School of Medicine could boost muscle repair and recovery of blood flow after ischemic injury damage caused by restriction of blood flow . The findings point to a target for potential treatments aimed at enhancing muscle regeneration. Muscle breakdown occurs in respon ...
EurekAlert - Wed. Aug 5
Meniscal transplant in patients age 50 and under relieves pain, delays additio...
ROSEMONT, Ill.-- Most patients younger than age 50 with a torn or severely damaged meniscus experienced reduced pain and improved knee function following transplant surgery, according to a study in the August 5 issue of the Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery JBJS . However, many patients required additional surgery within 10 years. The meniscus is a wedge-shaped piece of fibrocartilage in the knee that acts as a shock absorber between the thighbone and shin ...
EurekAlert - Wed. Aug 5
High academic stress linked to increased illness, injuries among college footb...
COLUMBIA, Mo. - Coaches and trainers strive to keep their players healthy so they can perform at their maximum potentials. Injury restrictions, or limits on athletes physical activity due to illnesses or injuries, can keep athletes on the bench for a game or even an entire season. Now, University of Missouri researchers have found college football players are more likely to experience injuries during test weeks than during training camp. The effects of aca ...
EurekAlert - Tue. Aug 4
In vitro cellular response to osteopathic manipulative therapy provides proof ...
In vitro studies of the cellular effects of modeled osteopathic manipulative therapy OMT provide proof of concept for the manual techniques practiced by doctors of osteopathic medicine DOs , according to researchers from the University of Arizona College of Medicine - Phoenix. The study, published in The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association , focused on modeling two common OMT techniques, myofascial release and counterstrain. Researchers subject ...
EurekAlert - Tue. Aug 4
World's first bilateral hand transplant on child at Children's Hospital of Phi...
Surgeons at The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia CHOP joined with colleagues from Penn Medicine recently to complete the world s first bilateral hand transplant on a child. Earlier this month, the surgical team successfully transplanted donor hands and forearms onto eight-year-old Zion Harvey who, several years earlier, had undergone amputation of his hands and feet and a kidney transplant following a serious infection. Led by L. Scott Levin, M.D., FACS ...
EurekAlert - Wed. Jul 29
'Watch' helps surgeons minimize potential risks of all-inside meniscal repair
Needham, MA.- JBJS Case Connector , an online case report journal published by The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery , has issued a Watch regarding potential risks with anchor-based all-inside meniscal repairs. While all-inside techniques have many advantages, including shorter surgical time and reduced risk of damage to neurovascular tissues, potential drawbacks include risks of local soft-tissue irritation and implant migration or breakage. In particular ...
EurekAlert - Fri. Jul 24
Patient satisfaction is good indicator of success after spinal surgery
July 24, 2015 - Patient satisfaction ratings after surgery for spinal degenerative disease--especially in terms of reduced pain and disability--are a good indicator of the procedure s effectiveness, reports a study in the August issue of Neurosurgery , official journal of the Congress of Neurological Surgeons . The journal is published by Wolters Kluwer . Patient satisfaction with outcome may accurately represent the effectiveness of surgical spine care in ...
EurekAlert - Fri. Jul 24
Former professional rugby players have greater cervical spine degeneration
CHARLOTTESVILLE, VA JULY 21, 2015 . French researchers used clinical examinations and magnetic resonance imaging MRI studies to determine whether retired professional rugby players experience more serious symptoms of cervical spine degeneration than people in the general population. To the best of the authors knowledge, this is the largest study of its kind covering any professional contact sport, and it confirms greater cervical spine degeneration in form ...
EurekAlert - Tue. Jul 21
How effective is total knee replacement in patients with rheumatoid arthritis?
Studies that have assessed the effects of total knee replacement on quality of life are scarce and have been almost exclusively limited to patients with osteoarthritis, even though rheumatoid arthritis is the most common inflammatory arthritis for which the surgery is indicated. In a new study that assessed the effects of total knee replacement in rheumatoid arthritis patients versus osteoarthritis patients, researchers found that the surgery is highly eff ...
EurekAlert - Mon. Jul 20
What is a good looking penis?
In a new study, women considered the position and shape of the urethral opening to be the least important aspects of a penis appearance. They also perceived the genitals of men who underwent surgery to treat distal hypospadias--a congenital condition in which the opening of the urethra is on the underside of the penis--to be as normal-looking as nonaffected, circumcised genitals. The information may help prevent the development of shame or impaired genital ...
EurekAlert - Mon. Jul 20
Coaches can be a strong influence in preventing football injuries, say researc...
ROSEMONT, IL - Teaching coaches about injury prevention and contact restrictions pays off, say researchers who tracked injury rates among youth football players during the 2014 season. With an estimated three million youth aged 7 to 14 years old playing tackle football each year, preventing injuries is key. Our study showed that kids who received a comprehensive education from a coach had fewer injuries, said lead author Zachary Y. Kerr, PhD, MPH of the Da ...
EurekAlert - Fri. Jul 17
Surgery a better treatment option for some hamstring injuries
ORLANDO, FL - Patients treated surgically for a hamstring rupture demonstrated better results than those treated only with therapy, according to a study presented today at the American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine s AOSSM Annual Meeting in Orlando, FL. Overall, patients in this study treated with surgery had a trend towards better lower extremity function as well as a higher likelihood of returning to re-injury activities than those treated non- ...
EurekAlert - Thu. Jul 16