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New guideline aims to reduce fractures in seniors in long-term care facilities
A new guideline that aims to prevent fractures in residents of long-term care facilities is targeted at frail seniors and their families as well as health care workers. The guideline, published in CMAJ Canadian Medical Association Journal , was developed with input from residents of long-term care facilities and their families, as well as researchers and health care professionals. Seniors living in long-term care homes have a two- to four-fold risk of sust ...
EurekAlert - Thu. Sep 17
Molecule made by muscle shown for first time to build bone
A recently identified molecule produced by skeletal muscle in response to exercise, has been shown to increase bone mass, according to a collaborative study between researchers at the Mount Sinai Bone Program, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, the Department of Experimental and Clinical Medicine at University of Ancona in Italy, and the Department of Basic Medical Science, Neuroscience and Sense Organs at the University of Bari in Italy, and publish ...
EurekAlert - Thu. Sep 17
Whole genome-sequencing uncovers new genetic cause for osteoporosis
Montreal, September 14, 2015 - Using extensive genetic data compiled by the UK10K project, an international team of researchers led by Dr. Brent Richards of the Lady Davis Institute at the Jewish General Hospital has identified a genetic variant near the gene EN1 as having the strongest effect on bone mineral density BMD and fracture identified to date. The findings are published in the forthcoming issue of the prestigious journal Nature . EN1 has never be ...
EurekAlert - Thu. Sep 17
Factors for higher risk of death following hip fracture surgery than hip repla...
Patients undergoing surgery for a hip fracture were older and had more medical conditions than patients who underwent an elective total hip replacement, factors that may contribute to the higher risk of in-hospital death and major postoperative complications experienced by hip fracture surgery patients, according to a study in the September 15 issue of JAMA . Although hip surgery can improve mobility and pain, it can be associated with major postoperative ...
EurekAlert - Thu. Sep 17
Research breakthrough in fight against muscle wasting diseases
This news release is available in French . Montreal, September 15th 2015 - It is estimated that half of all cancer patients suffer from a muscle wasting syndrome called cachexia. Cancer cachexia impairs quality of life and response to therapy, which increases morbidity and mortality of cancer patients. Currently, there is no approved treatment for muscle wasting but a new study from the Research Institute of the McGill University Health Centre RI-MUHC and ...
EurekAlert - Thu. Sep 17
Number of people at high risk of fracture set to double by 2040
September 15, 2015 - Nyon, Switzerland A study from the University of Southampton and Sheffield Medical School in the UK projects a dramatic increase in the burden of fragility fractures within the next three decades. By 2040, approximately 319 million people will be at high risk of fracture -double the numbers considered at high risk today. In this first study to estimate the global burden of disease in terms of fracture probability, the researchers quant ...
EurekAlert - Thu. Sep 17
You'd have to be smart to walk this lazy... and people are
Those of you who spend hours at the gym with the aim of burning as many calories as possible may be disappointed to learn that all the while your nervous system is subconsciously working against you. Researchers reporting in the Cell Press journal Current Biology on September 10 have found that our nervous systems are remarkably adept in changing the way we move so as to expend the least amount of energy possible. In other words, humans are wired for lazin ...
EurekAlert - Thu. Sep 10
Acupuncture back pain success determined by psychological factors
According to new research, people being treated for lower back pain with acupuncture are likely to gain less benefit from the treatment if they have low expectations of how effective it is.
Medical News Today - Wed. Sep 9
A high BMI could reduce men's risk of rheumatoid arthritis, but not women's
A high body mass index BMI could reduce the risk of rheumatoid arthritis in men, according to a study published today in Rheumatology . Scientists in Sweden analysed data from 383 patients, taken from two population based health surveys with a total of 50,705 participants, to discover that there is a strong association between a high BMI in men and a lower risk of developing rheumatoid arthritis RA . However, this association was not found in women. The re ...
EurekAlert - Wed. Sep 9
Keeping older muscles strong
As we grow older, we lose strength and muscle mass. However, the cause of age-related muscle weakness and atrophy has remained a mystery. Scientists at the University of Iowa have discovered the first example of a protein that causes muscle weakness and loss during aging. The protein, ATF4, is a transcription factor that alters gene expression in skeletal muscle, causing reduction of muscle protein synthesis, strength, and mass. The UI study also identifie ...
EurekAlert - Wed. Sep 9
Arthritis may be a major driver of poverty
Developing arthritis increases the risk of falling into poverty, especially for women, new research shows. In a study of more than 4,000 Australian adults, females who developed arthritis were 51 more likely to fall into income poverty than nonarthritic women. In men, arthritis was linked with a 22 increased risk. Also, women with arthritis were 87 more likely to fall into multidimensional poverty, which includes income, health, and education attainment, w ...
EurekAlert - Wed. Sep 9
Shouldering the burden of evolution
As early humans increasingly left forests and utilized tools, they took an evolutionary step away from apes. But what this last common ancestor with apes looked like has remained unclear. A new study led by researchers at UC San Francisco shows that important clues lie in the shoulder. Humans split from our closest African ape relatives in the genus Pan - including chimpanzees and bonobos - 6 to 7 million years ago. Yet certain human traits resemble the mo ...
EurekAlert - Wed. Sep 9