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Muscle relaxant or opioid combined with NSAID does not improve low back pain
Among patients with acute, low back pain presenting to an emergency department, neither the nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug NSAID naproxen combined with oxycodone acetaminophen or the muscle relaxant cyclobenzaprine provided better pain relief or improvement in functional outcomes than naproxen combined with placebo, according to a study in the October 20 issue of JAMA . Low back pain LBP is responsible for 2.4 percent of visits to U.S. emergency depar ...
EurekAlert - Tue. Oct 20
Benefit of early physical therapy for low-back pain appears modest
Early physical therapy for recent-onset low back pain resulted in statistically significant improvement in disability compared to usual care, but the improvement was modest and did not achieve a difference considered clinically important at the individual patient level, according to a study in the Oct. 13 issue of JAMA . Lifetime prevalence of low back pain LBP is about 70 percent and accounts for 2 percent to 5 percent of all physician visits. The effect ...
EurekAlert - Tue. Oct 13
Greater neighborhood access to fast-food outlets linked to lower bone mass in ...
Nyon, Switzerland - October 13, 2015--New research from the MRC Lifecourse Epidemiology Unit at the University of Southampton in the UK indicates that neighbourhood exposure to fast food outlets is potentially linked to poorer bone development in early childhood. The study looked at the bone mineral density BMD and bone mineral content BMC of 1107 children at birth and at four and or six years of age and compared the data to the number of supermarkets, hea ...
EurekAlert - Tue. Oct 13
Researchers use 'Avatar' experiments to get leg up on locomotion
Simple mechanical descriptions of the way people and animals walk, run, jump and hop liken whole leg behavior to a spring or pogo stick. But until now, no one has mapped the body s complex physiology - which in locomotion includes multiple leg muscle-tendons crossing the hip, knee and ankle joints, the weight of a body, and control signals from the brain - with the rather simple physics of spring-like limb behavior. Using an Avatar -like bio-robotic motor ...
EurekAlert - Mon. Oct 12
RNA editing technique treats severe form of muscular dystrophy
Father, whose two sons have the disease, encourages scientist to try technique Dr. Elizabeth McNally is a world expert researching rare form of muscular dystrophy Technique works in mice and human cells Treatment being licensed and developed with goal of clinical trials CHICAGO --- An RNA editing technique called exon skipping has shown preliminary success in treating a rare and severe form of muscular dystrophy that currently has no treatment, based on a ...
EurekAlert - Mon. Oct 12
MS may start later for those who spend teenage summers in the sun
MINNEAPOLIS - A study of people with multiple sclerosis MS found that those who spent time in the sun every day during the summer as teens developed the disease later than those reporting not spending time in the sun every day. The study, which was published in the October 7, 2015, online issue of Neurology reg , the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology, also found that people who were overweight at age 20 developed the disease earlier than ...
EurekAlert - Thu. Oct 8
Therapy reduces the risk of fragility fractures by 40 percent
ROSEMONT, Ill.--Osteoporosis, a disease of progressive bone loss, affects 70 percent of the U.S. population older than age 50 one in two women--and one in five men. These individuals are at risk for fragility fractures, a break that results from a fall, or occurs in the absence of obvious trauma, and most commonly seen in the wrist, the upper arm, the hip, and the spine. People who sustain a fragility fracture are at a higher risk for future fractures and ...
EurekAlert - Thu. Oct 8
Risk profiling is key to managing pain in era of opioid abuse
Patients undergoing rehabilitation for physical injuries and their physicians can better understand who is most at risk of abusing opioids by reviewing their family history, lifestyle and environment for critical cues about susceptibility to addiction, according to physical medicine and rehabilitation experts. Risk assessments are one of the few tools available for patients and physicians concerned about using opioids to manage debilitating pain during phy ...
EurekAlert - Tue. Oct 6
Women with knee osteoarthritis experience greater pain sensitivity than men
Among patients with osteoarthritis of the knee, women experienced greater sensitivity to various pain modalities--such as lower tolerance to heat, cold, and pressure--and greater widespread pain than men. The findings may be helpful for clinicians as they decide which treatments are best for different patients. Additional studies on the mechanisms involved the sex differences observed this study may also help researchers develop new treatment strategies fo ...
EurekAlert - Tue. Oct 6
Study questions benefit of exercise program following immobilization of ankle ...
A supervised exercise program and self-management advice, like those commonly given with physical therapy, did not improve activity limitation or quality of life compared with advice alone after removal of immobilization for patients with an uncomplicated ankle fracture, according to a study in the October 6 issue of JAMA . Ankle fracture is a common injury and is treated with reduction realignment , sometimes with surgical fixation, followed by a period o ...
EurekAlert - Tue. Oct 6
'Weak association' between back pain and weather
Many patients believe the weather impacts their pain symptoms, say researchers, but their study published today has revealed that the weather does not have any influence over lower back pain - except for a clinically unimportant association with increases in wind speed.
Medical News Today - Sat. Sep 26
Paracetamol 'does not ease low-back pain'
Low-back pain is the main cause of disability worldwide and paracetamol - also known as acetaminophen - is currently the first port of call in terms of reducing pain and speeding recovery. However, a large randomized trial published in The Lancet investigates the efficacy of paracetamol for acute low-back pain and finds it performs no better than a placebo.
Medical News Today - Sat. Sep 26