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New research could personalize medicine for arthritis patients
Joint injury can lead to post-traumatic osteoarthritis PTOA . In fact, about half of all people who rupture the anterior cruciate ligament ACL in their knee will develop PTOA within 10-20 years of the injury. But the molecular and cellular mechanisms leading to cartilage degeneration or PTOA due to trauma are not well understood. Recently, a team of scientists from Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory LLNL , University of California, Davis, University of ...
EurekAlert - Fri. May 20
TXA administered intravenously and by injection reduces blood loss after knee ...
A new study appearing in the Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery found that administering tranexamic acid TXA both intravenously IV and injected at the surgical site intra-articular administration, or IA reduced blood loss by 37 percent, compared to IV alone, following total knee replacement TKR . Administering TXA through IV or IA has been shown to reduce blood loss in several studies however, researchers had yet to investigate the impact of combining the d ...
EurekAlert - Fri. May 20
Use of arthroscopic hip surgery way up, but patient selection important for go...
For patients with serious, ongoing hip pain, sometimes surgery is their best bet for relief. Given the choice between minimally invasive hip surgery and total hip replacement, most patients would choose the less invasive procedure, often done on an outpatient basis. But a study by researchers at Hospital for Special Surgery HSS in New York City finds that arthroscopic surgery may not be the best option, especially if a patient is over 60 or has arthritis. ...
EurekAlert - Thu. May 19
Survey: 71 percent of hip fracture patients not told they have osteoporosis
Great Neck, NY - More than 7 in 10 older adults who suffer hip fractures aren t told they have the bone-weakening disease osteoporosis - despite the fact that hip fractures nearly always signify the presence of this potentially debilitating condition, according to revealing new research by Northwell Health physicians. Geriatric fellow Mia Barnett, MD, led a telephone survey of 42 hip fracture patients ages 65 and older that showed a startling level of misi ...
EurekAlert - Thu. May 19
Holidays in the sun hold key to boosting vitamin D, study finds
Holidays abroad may hold the key to tackling Scotland s vitamin D deficiency, research suggests. People who take foreign breaks have higher levels of vitamin D in their blood, which has been linked to wide-ranging health benefits, a study has found. Farmers also have higher levels of the vitamin -- which is produced in the skin after exposure to sunlight -- according to the findings. Researchers at the University of Edinburgh surveyed the vitamin D levels ...
EurekAlert - Wed. May 18
Children with swollen, painful knees: Is it Lyme disease or septic arthritis?
Septic or infectious arthritis of the knee and Lyme disease have similar symptoms in children but require different immediate treatment to ensure optimal recovery. A new study in the May 4 issue of the Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery identifies four symptoms that are predictive of septic arthritis when the condition presents itself in a child s knee--an important distinction in areas where Lyme disease is prevalent. Septic arthritis is considered a medic ...
EurekAlert - Thu. May 12
Patients may not need to wait 2 weeks to shower following knee replacement sur...
MAYWOOD, IL - A Loyola Medicine study suggests it may not be necessary for knee replacement patients to wait up to two weeks after surgery before showering, as many surgeons now require. The study compared patients who were allowed to shower two days after surgery with patients who had to wait 10 to 14 days. Researchers performed bacterial culture swabs of skin next to incisions, and no differences were found between the early-shower and delayed-shower gro ...
EurekAlert - Thu. May 12
Risks of heart attack, stroke may outweigh benefits of calcium supplement
With the highest reported risk of hip fractures in the word, Norway has good reason to consider the benefits and risks of calcium supplements. The challenge is that too little calcium and vitamin D in your diet leads to an increased risk of osteoporosis and broken bones, which taking supplements has been shown to help prevent. However, some studies have also shown that taking supplemental calcium may also increase your risk of heart attack and stroke. We c ...
EurekAlert - Thu. May 12
Cancer may drive health problems as people age
A new study indicates that cancer may have negative impacts on both the physical and mental health of individuals as they age. Published early online in CANCER , a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society, the study suggests that cancer increases the risk for certain health issues above and beyond normal aging. This is likely due, in part, to decreased physical activity and stress associated with cancer diagnosis and treatment. As the populatio ...
EurekAlert - Mon. May 9
Study of elite paralympic athletes supports benefits of exercise for children ...
May 6, 2016 - For highly trained Paralympic athletes with cerebral palsy CP , bone mineral density and other measures of body composition are similar to those of able-bodied adults of similar age, reports a study in the American Journal of Physical Medicine Rehabilitation , the official journal of the Association of Academic Physiatrists . The journal is published by Wolters Kluwer . While elite-level athletes with hemiplegic CP still have reduced muscle m ...
EurekAlert - Sat. May 7
Experts decipher the disease behind one of the world's most famous paintings
It is one of the most famous paintings in American history Christina s World, by Andrew Wyeth. The painting, which hangs in the Museum of Modern Art in New York, depicts a young woman in a field, gazing at a farmhouse on an idyllic summer day. But this lovely image has a dark side. The subject in the painting is Christina Olson, Wyeth s good friend and neighbor. For most of her life, she suffered from a mysterious disorder, which slowly took away her abili ...
EurekAlert - Fri. May 6
Newspapers often publish false depictions of gout
A new analysis reveals that popular newspaper articles depict gout as a self-inflicted condition that is socially embarrassing and the focus of humor. Specifically, social embarrassment due to gout was reported in 27 of 114 23.7 articles in the 21 highest circulation newspapers in the United Kingdom and United States between 2010 and 2015. Jokes or humorous references to gout were reported in 30 of the 114 articles 26.3 . In addition, dietary solutions wer ...
EurekAlert - Wed. May 4