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NFL players' careers most affected by surgery to patellar tendon, Achilles ten...
In the hard-hitting world of American football, injuries are an inherent risk of the game with players in the National Football League NFL experiencing a higher rate of injury than in any other professional sport. Orthopaedic surgeries are often required to manage player injuries, but until recently little information was available to assess the effect these procedures may have on players future performance and career trajectory. To better understand surge ...
EurekAlert - Tue. Sep 6
NIH review finds nondrug approaches effective for treatment of common pain con...
Data from a review of U.S.-based clinical trials published today in Mayo Clinic Proceedings suggest that some of the most popular complementary health approaches--such as yoga, tai chi, and acupuncture--appear to be effective tools for helping to manage common pain conditions. The review was conducted by a group of scientists from the National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health NCCIH at the National Institutes of Health. Millions of Americans ...
EurekAlert - Thu. Sep 1
Researchers report new Zika complication
New Orleans, LA - Dr. John England, Professor and Chair of Neurology at LSU Health New Orleans School of Medicine, and colleagues in Honduras and Venezuela have reported a new neurological complication of infection with the Zika virus. They described the first confirmed case of Zika-associated sensory polyneuropathy in a paper published online by the Journal of the Neurological Sciences , available at http www.jns-journal.com article S0022-510X 16 30535-4 ...
EurekAlert - Fri. Aug 26
Altering stem cell perception of tissue stiffness may help treat musculoskelet...
PHILADELPHIA - A new biomaterial can be used to study how and when stem cells sense the mechanics of their surrounding environment, found a team led by Robert Mauck, PhD, the Mary Black Ralston Professor for Education and Research in Orthopaedic Surgery, in the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania. With further development, this biomaterial could be used to control when immature stem cells differentiate into more specialized cells ...
EurekAlert - Thu. Aug 25
Systematic global review of intervention thresholds based on FRAX
The WHO Fracture Risk Assessment Tool FRAX reg is a resource developed for the calculation of an individual s 10-year probability of hip fracture and a major osteoporotic fracture based on specific clinical risk factors, with or without bone mineral density BMD values. Since its launch in 2008, FRAX reg has become a widely used assessment tool in clinical practice and is included in many national osteoporosis management guidelines worldwide. Specific calcu ...
EurekAlert - Tue. Aug 23
After a fracture, it's time to rethink medications
BOSTON - With half of all women and a quarter of all men over fifty expected to suffer a fracture in the years ahead, the number of such injuries exceeds the incidence of heart attack, stroke, and breast cancer combined. By discouraging the use of medications that can cause dizziness or loss of balance and prescribing medications known to prevent bone loss, clinicians can help patients lower their risk of falls and fractures. In a commentary published toda ...
EurekAlert - Mon. Aug 22
Study shows swimming is an effective part of the treatment for fibromyalgia
A study performed by researchers at the Federal University of S 227 o Paulo UNIFESP shows swimming is as effective as walking to relieve pain and improve quality of life for patients with fibromyalgia. Physical exercise is an essential component of any treatment for fibromyalgia, and plenty of studies have demonstrated that low-impact aerobic exercise offers the most benefits. However, not everyone likes or is able to do the same kind of physical activity, ...
EurekAlert - Fri. Aug 19
Osteoblastic metastases distinguished from enostoses using CT attenuation meas...
Leesburg, VA, August 18, 2016-- A team of Boston researchers found that CT attenuation measurements can be used to distinguish untreated osteoblastic bone-related metastases from enostoses benign bone lesions . Based on this conclusion, some biopsies and additional radiologic studies could be avoided, according to a paper published in the August 2016 issue of the American Journal of Roentgenology . While imaging has become an integral part of diagnosing pa ...
EurekAlert - Thu. Aug 18
New 'food group'? Ketone esters improve endurance exercise and cognitive funct...
New research published online in The FASEB Journal shows that in rats, a substance called a ketone ester significantly increase exercise endurance, cognitive function and energy levels in the heart at high workloads. Ketone esters are small organic chemicals that provide energy for the heart, brain and skeletal muscle in a highly efficient way, but are typically produced by the body only during periods of food scarcity and are not naturally present in typi ...
EurekAlert - Wed. Aug 17
New study reveals a novel protein linked to type 2 diabetes
Boston -- Findings from Boston University School of Medicine BUSM , which appear in eLife , provide a possible explanation as to why most people who are obese develop insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. A minority of obese individuals, the so-called healthy obese, have normal insulin sensitivity and are not diabetic. The BUSM researchers have been studying a protein called PTRF Cavin-1 whose absence in model organisms and humans results in a nearly com ...
EurekAlert - Tue. Aug 16
Mayo Clinic researchers link senescent cells to most common form of arthritis
ROCHESTER, Minn. -- Researchers at Mayo Clinic have reported a causal link between senescent cells -- cells that accumulate with age and contribute to frailty and disease -- and osteoarthritis in mice. Their findings appear online in The Journals of Gerontology, Series A Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences . Osteoarthritis is the leading form of arthritis in the elderly, causing pain, disability and immobility. The disease impacted 30.8 million adults ...
EurekAlert - Thu. Aug 11
Could suppression of Gαq/11 signaling be a promising target for treating bone ...
Intermittent parathyroid hormone treatment iPTH and mechanical loading through exercise have both been shown to stimulate bone formation. These osteoanabolic stimuli are partially mediated by G protein-coupled receptors. Previous studies have suggested that enhanced signalling through the G 945 q 11 pathway inhibits the bone-building actions of PTH, however the influence of enhanced G 945 q 11 pathway on exercise has not been reported in vivo. In a new stu ...
EurekAlert - Tue. Aug 9