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Trabecular bone score validated as standalone predictor of fracture risk
One of the most recent and extensively studied determinants of fracture risk is trabecular bone score TBS . TBS, which is assessed by lumbar spine dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry DXA imaging, provides information about the micro-architectural deterioration of bone tissue. Previous studies have shown that TBS predicts fracture in postmenopausal women and older men. TBS is currently used in conjunction with BMD values to enhance the predictive ability of th ...
EurekAlert - Tue. Apr 26
New study looks at safety of outpatient hand and shoulder surgeries
ROSEMONT, Ill. April 21, 2016 --A large study of hand and shoulder surgeries performed at a freestanding, outpatient center found few complications--0.2 percent in nearly 29,000 patients over an 11-year period. The study appears in the new issue of the Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery . Previous studies have documented the benefits of surgery conducted at outpatient centers, including cost savings and specialization. These centers become more adept and ef ...
EurekAlert - Thu. Apr 21
Risk of second major osteoporotic fracture is greatest immediately after first...
Malaga, Spain - April 17, 2016 - Today, at the World Congress on Osteoporosis, Osteoarthritis and Musculoskeletal Diseases, an international research team presented the preliminary results of a new study which aimed to determine whether the predictive value of a past major osteoporotic fracture MOF for future MOF changed with time. They studied a database of 118,872 men and women born between 1907 and 1935 who were part of the Reykjavik Study during 1967-1 ...
EurekAlert - Mon. Apr 18
Sarcopenia, which affects up to 20 percent of European seniors, may increase 6...
Today, at the World Congress on Osteoporosis, Osteoarthritis and Musculoskeletal Diseases. researchers from the University of Li 232 ge, Belgium presented a study that reveals the enormous and growing burden of sarcopenia in Europe. Sarcopenia is a disease associated with the ageing process. Hallmark signs of the disorder are loss of muscle mass and strength, which in turn affects balance, gait and overall ability to perform tasks of daily living. Due to i ...
EurekAlert - Sat. Apr 16
UK study supports cardiovascular safety of calcium and vitamin D supplementation
UK researchers have presented a new study that supports the cardiovascular safety of calcium and vitamin D supplementation. The study was based on analysis of the UK Biobank, a very large study comprising 502,664 men and women aged 40-69 years. Of the total UK Biobank participants, 34,890 individuals 6.94 reported taking calcium supplements, 20,004 taking vitamin D supplements, and 10,406 taking both 2.1 . The researchers found no associations between the ...
EurekAlert - Sat. Apr 16
Farmers are not just the backbone of a nation, they may have stronger hips too
A team of UK and Swedish researchers has released the findings of a new study which assessed the hip fracture risk of farmers in Sweden. Sweden is one of the few countries which tracks hip fractures through a national registry. It is therefore possible to assess how hip fracture risk across the country varies according to occupation, economic status, level of education, latitude, and urban versus rural residence. Although hip fracture risk is known to be c ...
EurekAlert - Sat. Apr 16
Drug candidate stops extra bone growth in animal model of rare, genetic disease
PHILADELPHIA - New preclinical research provides support to a drug that has been repurposed to possibly treat a rare and extremely disabling genetic bone disease, particularly in children. In that disease, fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva FOP , a mutation triggers bone growth in muscles, alters skeletal bone formation, and limits motion, breathing, and swallowing, among a host of progressive symptoms. The research appeared online in the Journal of Bon ...
EurekAlert - Wed. Apr 13
Would changing gait pattern decrease your likelihood of running injuries?
ROSEMONT, Ill. April 6, 2016 --Are runners less injury-prone trekking barefoot than in pricey running shoes Maybe, according to a new literature review in the March issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons JAAOS . Advances in running shoe technology in the last 40 years have not reduced injuries, but racing barefoot in shoes with minimal cushioning could help runners change their strides and landing patterns to prevent repetitiv ...
EurekAlert - Thu. Apr 7
Young arthritis patients have unique concerns about treatment
They describe a wide range of consequences--physical, emotional, social, and vocational--arising from their treatment. The findings indicate that young arthritis patients need active encouragement to discuss their treatment concerns and difficulties, so that a balance can be achieved between disease control and treatment burden. Young people can have severe arthritis, warranting aggressive treatment, but may find such regimens a struggle to sustain. Encour ...
EurekAlert - Thu. Apr 7
For young people with schizophrenia, physical and mental exercises offer hope
In as little as a few months, antipsychotic medications can tame the delusions and hallucinations that characterize schizophrenia. But the medications do little to reverse the less familiar brain-based problems that accompany the illness. Affecting memory, the speed at which the brain processes information, attention, problem-solving skills and emotional intelligence, these subtle but profound deficits can prove more crippling than schizophrenia s more dra ...
EurekAlert - Wed. Apr 6
Insights into new targets and promising treatments for musculoskeletal disease
Great progress has been made in the understanding of the genes and molecular pathways that contribute to the pathogenesis of bone and muscle diseases. As a result of these advances, several new molecular targets have been identified for drug design - knowledge which is being harnessed for the development of new treatment options for sarcopenia and metabolic bone diseases such as osteoporosis, hypophosphataemic rickets, and hypophosphatasia. A special issue ...
EurekAlert - Wed. Apr 6
Most patients likely to see reductions in pain and disability after bariatric ...
PITTSBURGH, April 5, 2016 - In the three years following bariatric surgery, the majority of patients experienced an improvement in pain and walking ability, as well as a lessening of the degree to which back or leg pain interfered with work, according a University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health-led analysis of a multi-site clinical study published today in the Journal of the American Medical Association . The study also revealed patient cha ...
EurekAlert - Tue. Apr 5