fb_thumb
New 'food group'? Ketone esters improve endurance exercise and cognitive funct...
New research published online in The FASEB Journal shows that in rats, a substance called a ketone ester significantly increase exercise endurance, cognitive function and energy levels in the heart at high workloads. Ketone esters are small organic chemicals that provide energy for the heart, brain and skeletal muscle in a highly efficient way, but are typically produced by the body only during periods of food scarcity and are not naturally present in typi ...
EurekAlert - Wed. Aug 17
New study reveals a novel protein linked to type 2 diabetes
Boston -- Findings from Boston University School of Medicine BUSM , which appear in eLife , provide a possible explanation as to why most people who are obese develop insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. A minority of obese individuals, the so-called healthy obese, have normal insulin sensitivity and are not diabetic. The BUSM researchers have been studying a protein called PTRF Cavin-1 whose absence in model organisms and humans results in a nearly com ...
EurekAlert - Tue. Aug 16
Mayo Clinic researchers link senescent cells to most common form of arthritis
ROCHESTER, Minn. -- Researchers at Mayo Clinic have reported a causal link between senescent cells -- cells that accumulate with age and contribute to frailty and disease -- and osteoarthritis in mice. Their findings appear online in The Journals of Gerontology, Series A Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences . Osteoarthritis is the leading form of arthritis in the elderly, causing pain, disability and immobility. The disease impacted 30.8 million adults ...
EurekAlert - Thu. Aug 11
Could suppression of Gαq/11 signaling be a promising target for treating bone ...
Intermittent parathyroid hormone treatment iPTH and mechanical loading through exercise have both been shown to stimulate bone formation. These osteoanabolic stimuli are partially mediated by G protein-coupled receptors. Previous studies have suggested that enhanced signalling through the G 945 q 11 pathway inhibits the bone-building actions of PTH, however the influence of enhanced G 945 q 11 pathway on exercise has not been reported in vivo. In a new stu ...
EurekAlert - Tue. Aug 9
Don't freestyle 'swimmer's shoulder' injuries
ROSEMONT, Ill. August 4, 2016 --Elite and competitive swimmers log between 60,000 and 80,000 meters weekly--swimming the length of an Olympic-sized pool 1,200 times--which places significant stress on their shoulder joints. The upper body provides 90 percent of the propulsive force to move through the water. Due to the amount of force generated and the range of motion required to swim efficiently, the shoulder needs to have perfect mechanics to avoid injur ...
EurekAlert - Fri. Aug 5
Teamwork, communication training recommended to ensure surgical safety
ROSEMONT, Ill. Aug. 5, 2016 --Patient safety before, during, and after surgery requires an appropriately educated, committed and empowered health care team, according to recommendations being presented today at the inaugural National Surgical Patient Safety Summit NSPSS . The two-day event, which includes more than 100 representatives from medical professional associations, insurers, health care systems, payers and government agencies, is sponsored by the ...
EurekAlert - Fri. Aug 5
Why you're stiff in the morning: Your body suppresses inflammation when you sl...
New research published online in The FASEB Journal , describes a protein created by the body s biological clock that actively represses inflammatory pathways within the affected limbs during the night. This protein, called CRYPTOCHROME, has proven anti-inflammatory effects in cultured cells and presents new opportunities for the development of drugs that may be used to treat inflammatory diseases and conditions, such as arthritis. By understanding how the ...
EurekAlert - Fri. Aug 5
Clinical assessment of muscular fatigue
The Open Orthopaedics Journal recently published Inter-rater Reliability of Sustained Aberrant Movement Patterns as a Clinical Assessment of Muscular Fatigue by Frank Aerts, PT, DSc, OCS, CMPT, CMP, CMET Kathy Carrier, PT, DSc, CLT-LANA and Becky Alwood, OTR, MHS, CLT . A patient s response to a therapeutic exercise program depends on the effectiveness of the program and the value of its delivery system. When utilizing exercise as a therapeutic interventio ...
EurekAlert - Sat. Jul 30
The impact of private sector contracts on NHS provision and treatment inequali...
Patient choice and the use of the private sector for hip surgery in Scotland was found to be associated with a decrease in NHS provision and may have contributed to an increase in age-related and socio-economic treatment inequalities, according to research by Queen Mary University of London QMUL . The study, published in the Journal of Public Health by Oxford University Press, is the first to look at the impact of diverting NHS funds to the private sector ...
EurekAlert - Sat. Jul 30
Axial spondyloarthritis: Patients see sustained benefit with certolizumab pegol
Researchers are reporting that early rapid improvements in the signs and symptoms of axial spondyloarthritis in patients treated with certolizumab pegol are maintained at 4 years.
Medical News Today - Thu. Jul 21
Regenerative medicine improves strength and function in severe muscle injuries
PITTSBURGH, July 21, 2016 - Results of a study conducted by researchers at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine and the McGowan Institute for Regenerative Medicine showed significant improvement in strength and range of motion, as well as evidence for skeletal muscle regeneration, in 13 patients who were surgically implanted with bioscaffolds derived from pig tissue to treat muscle injuries. The patients had failed to respond to conventional tre ...
EurekAlert - Thu. Jul 21
Wrist fractures linked to poor balance in elderly patients
Elderly patients suffering a low energy wrist distal radius fracture are more likely to have difficulties with balance, placing them at risk for future injuries, according to a new study appearing in the July 20, 2016 issue of the Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery . Wrist fractures constitute one-sixth of all broken bones presented in U.S. emergency departments, and occur in 15 percent of women age 50 and older. The majority of these fractures are the resu ...
EurekAlert - Thu. Jul 21