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Orthopaedic surgeons use new patient-focused measures to assess outcomes
ROSEMONT, Ill. November 1, 2016 --Orthopaedists traditionally rely on X-rays, MRI, CT scans, physical measurements, and functional tests for patient outcomes assessments, but this is changing thanks to new technology that communicates ongoing, real-time outcomes feedback from patients, according to research published in the Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons JAAOS . Two studies described the benefits of the National Institutes of Healt ...
EurekAlert - Tue. Nov 1
Understanding the fascinating interaction between bone and brain
The best news is that the brain has become front and centre in the regulation of bone modelling , conclude authors Professors Paul Dimitri and Cliff Rosen in their concise review of the complex role of the central nervous system in bone metabolism. The review The Central Nevous System and Bone Metablism An Evolving Story , published in Calcified Tissue International Musculoskeletal Research , shows how our understanding of the control of skeletal metabolis ...
EurekAlert - Mon. Oct 31
Disparities in postop readmission may be reduced by improving nurse-to-patient...
PHILADELPHIA, PA October 31, 2016 - A new study from the University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing s Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research CHOPR shows that older black adults are not only more likely to be readmitted following an elective hip knee replacement, than otherwise similar white patients - they may also be more adversely affected by insufficient hospital nurse staffing. The results are set for publication in a future issue of the Jour ...
EurekAlert - Mon. Oct 31
Customized vitamin D supplements may benefit pregnant women
Washington, DC -- Individualized supplement doses help protect pregnant women from vitamin D deficiency, according to a new study published in the Endocrine Society s Journal of Clinical Endocrinology Metabolism . The research found vitamin D supplements are less effective at raising vitamin D levels in pregnant women if they deliver their babies in the winter, have low levels of vitamin D early in pregnancy or gain more weight during pregnancy. Women with ...
EurekAlert - Fri. Oct 28
High-frequency spinal cord stimulation provides better results in chronic back...
October 28, 2016 - For patients with severe, chronic back and leg pain, a new high-frequency spinal cord stimulation SCS technique provides superior clinical outcomes, compared to conventional low-frequency SCS, reports a clinical trial in the November issue of Neurosurgery , official journal of the Congress of Neurological Surgeons . The journal is published by Wolters Kluwer . The new HF10 technique offers lasting reductions in back and leg pain after ot ...
EurekAlert - Fri. Oct 28
Popular ultrasound treatment does not improve fracture healing
Hamilton, ON Oct. 25, 2016 - Low intensity ultrasound after surgical repair of a bone fracture is a popular treatment to improve recovery, but it doesn t work, says a large international study led by researchers at McMaster University. In a clinical trial published by The BMJ today, the researchers show no difference in the recovery time between using low intensity pulsed ultrasound LIPUS or a placebo device for patients with a fractured tibia shinbone . A ...
EurekAlert - Wed. Oct 26
NASA study shows that space travel affects spine of astronauts
Oct. 25, 2016 - How does space travel affect the spine Astronauts on long missions in space have atrophy of the muscles supporting the spine--which don t return to normal even several weeks after their return to Earth, reports a study in Spine , published by Wolters Kluwer . The results provide new insights into the elevated rates of back pain and spinal disc disease associated with prolonged spaceflight, report Dr. Douglas G. Chang of University of Califo ...
EurekAlert - Tue. Oct 25
Study finds youth motocross racing injuries severe despite required safety gear
Friday, Oct. 21 SAN FRANCISCO - A study at a Pennsylvania trauma center found competitive youth motocross athletes suffer potentially life-threatening injuries despite wearing helmets and other safety gear required on the sport s popular rough-terrain race courses. The abstract, Injuries in the Competitive Pediatric Motocross Athlete, will be presented at the American Academy of Pediatrics AAP 2016 National Conference Exhibition in San Francisco on Oct. 23 ...
EurekAlert - Fri. Oct 21
Understanding the epidemiology of fractures in diabetes
Due to the ageing of populations as well as increasing obesity and adverse lifestyle factors, type 2 diabetes T2D is reaching epidemic proportions in many parts of the world. People with diabetes have been shown to be at higher risk of fracture, with the relative risk of hip fracture up to seven-fold higher in patients with type 1 diabetes and approximately 1.3-fold higher in patients with type 2 diabetes. Nevertheless, most patients with diabetes are neve ...
EurekAlert - Thu. Oct 20
Placebo reduces back pain -- even when patients know they're taking placebo
October 18, 2016 - For patients with chronic back pain, open treatment with placebo--informing patients that they are taking an inactive pill, and why it might be helpful--leads to reductions in pain and disability, reports a study in PAIN reg , the official publication of the International Association for the Study of Pain IASP . The journal is published by Wolters Kluwer . This study is the first to demonstrate potential clinically significant benefits o ...
EurekAlert - Thu. Oct 20
Research reveals how novel osteoporosis drug increases bone mass
Abaloparatide, a selective activator of the parathyroid hormone receptor, has recently been shown to reduce fractures in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis. Now new research shows that abaloparatide increases bone mass in rats whose ovaries have been removed by stimulating bone formation, without effects on bone resorption. These preclinical data support the continued development of abaloparatide as a treatment to reduce fracture risk in patients with ...
EurekAlert - Thu. Oct 20
Review Suggests Safe, Effective Ways to Relieve Pain Without Meds
Popular drug-free methods of managing pain from such common conditions as headaches and arthritis appear to be effective, according to a new review. Millions of Americans seek pain relief through such alternatives as acupuncture, tai chi and yoga. But there has been little information to help doctors make recommendations about these approaches. For many Americans who suffer from chronic pain, medications may not completely relieve pain and can produce unwa ...
Healthday - Thu. Oct 20