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After a fracture, it's time to rethink medications
BOSTON - With half of all women and a quarter of all men over fifty expected to suffer a fracture in the years ahead, the number of such injuries exceeds the incidence of heart attack, stroke, and breast cancer combined. By discouraging the use of medications that can cause dizziness or loss of balance and prescribing medications known to prevent bone loss, clinicians can help patients lower their risk of falls and fractures. In a commentary published toda ...
EurekAlert - Mon. Aug 22
Study shows swimming is an effective part of the treatment for fibromyalgia
A study performed by researchers at the Federal University of S 227 o Paulo UNIFESP shows swimming is as effective as walking to relieve pain and improve quality of life for patients with fibromyalgia. Physical exercise is an essential component of any treatment for fibromyalgia, and plenty of studies have demonstrated that low-impact aerobic exercise offers the most benefits. However, not everyone likes or is able to do the same kind of physical activity, ...
EurekAlert - Fri. Aug 19
Osteoblastic metastases distinguished from enostoses using CT attenuation meas...
Leesburg, VA, August 18, 2016-- A team of Boston researchers found that CT attenuation measurements can be used to distinguish untreated osteoblastic bone-related metastases from enostoses benign bone lesions . Based on this conclusion, some biopsies and additional radiologic studies could be avoided, according to a paper published in the August 2016 issue of the American Journal of Roentgenology . While imaging has become an integral part of diagnosing pa ...
EurekAlert - Thu. Aug 18
New 'food group'? Ketone esters improve endurance exercise and cognitive funct...
New research published online in The FASEB Journal shows that in rats, a substance called a ketone ester significantly increase exercise endurance, cognitive function and energy levels in the heart at high workloads. Ketone esters are small organic chemicals that provide energy for the heart, brain and skeletal muscle in a highly efficient way, but are typically produced by the body only during periods of food scarcity and are not naturally present in typi ...
EurekAlert - Wed. Aug 17
New study reveals a novel protein linked to type 2 diabetes
Boston -- Findings from Boston University School of Medicine BUSM , which appear in eLife , provide a possible explanation as to why most people who are obese develop insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. A minority of obese individuals, the so-called healthy obese, have normal insulin sensitivity and are not diabetic. The BUSM researchers have been studying a protein called PTRF Cavin-1 whose absence in model organisms and humans results in a nearly com ...
EurekAlert - Tue. Aug 16
Mayo Clinic researchers link senescent cells to most common form of arthritis
ROCHESTER, Minn. -- Researchers at Mayo Clinic have reported a causal link between senescent cells -- cells that accumulate with age and contribute to frailty and disease -- and osteoarthritis in mice. Their findings appear online in The Journals of Gerontology, Series A Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences . Osteoarthritis is the leading form of arthritis in the elderly, causing pain, disability and immobility. The disease impacted 30.8 million adults ...
EurekAlert - Thu. Aug 11
Could suppression of Gαq/11 signaling be a promising target for treating bone ...
Intermittent parathyroid hormone treatment iPTH and mechanical loading through exercise have both been shown to stimulate bone formation. These osteoanabolic stimuli are partially mediated by G protein-coupled receptors. Previous studies have suggested that enhanced signalling through the G 945 q 11 pathway inhibits the bone-building actions of PTH, however the influence of enhanced G 945 q 11 pathway on exercise has not been reported in vivo. In a new stu ...
EurekAlert - Tue. Aug 9
Don't freestyle 'swimmer's shoulder' injuries
ROSEMONT, Ill. August 4, 2016 --Elite and competitive swimmers log between 60,000 and 80,000 meters weekly--swimming the length of an Olympic-sized pool 1,200 times--which places significant stress on their shoulder joints. The upper body provides 90 percent of the propulsive force to move through the water. Due to the amount of force generated and the range of motion required to swim efficiently, the shoulder needs to have perfect mechanics to avoid injur ...
EurekAlert - Fri. Aug 5
Teamwork, communication training recommended to ensure surgical safety
ROSEMONT, Ill. Aug. 5, 2016 --Patient safety before, during, and after surgery requires an appropriately educated, committed and empowered health care team, according to recommendations being presented today at the inaugural National Surgical Patient Safety Summit NSPSS . The two-day event, which includes more than 100 representatives from medical professional associations, insurers, health care systems, payers and government agencies, is sponsored by the ...
EurekAlert - Fri. Aug 5
Why you're stiff in the morning: Your body suppresses inflammation when you sl...
New research published online in The FASEB Journal , describes a protein created by the body s biological clock that actively represses inflammatory pathways within the affected limbs during the night. This protein, called CRYPTOCHROME, has proven anti-inflammatory effects in cultured cells and presents new opportunities for the development of drugs that may be used to treat inflammatory diseases and conditions, such as arthritis. By understanding how the ...
EurekAlert - Fri. Aug 5
Clinical assessment of muscular fatigue
The Open Orthopaedics Journal recently published Inter-rater Reliability of Sustained Aberrant Movement Patterns as a Clinical Assessment of Muscular Fatigue by Frank Aerts, PT, DSc, OCS, CMPT, CMP, CMET Kathy Carrier, PT, DSc, CLT-LANA and Becky Alwood, OTR, MHS, CLT . A patient s response to a therapeutic exercise program depends on the effectiveness of the program and the value of its delivery system. When utilizing exercise as a therapeutic interventio ...
EurekAlert - Sat. Jul 30
The impact of private sector contracts on NHS provision and treatment inequali...
Patient choice and the use of the private sector for hip surgery in Scotland was found to be associated with a decrease in NHS provision and may have contributed to an increase in age-related and socio-economic treatment inequalities, according to research by Queen Mary University of London QMUL . The study, published in the Journal of Public Health by Oxford University Press, is the first to look at the impact of diverting NHS funds to the private sector ...
EurekAlert - Sat. Jul 30